Panpsychism

By: BenOh | May 25, 2016


The Philosophy of Organism

Peter Sjöstedt-H introduces Whitehead’s organic awareness of reality.


The philosophy of organism is the name of the metaphysics of the mathematician and philosopher Alfred North Whitehead. Born in Kent in 1861, schooled in Dorset, Alfred headed north and taught mathematics and physics in Cambridge, where he befriended his pupil Bertrand Russell, with whom he came to collaborate on a project to develop logically unshakable foundations for mathematics. In 1914, Whitehead became Professor of Applied Mathematics at Imperial College, London. However, his passion for the underlying philosophical problems never left him, and in 1924, at the age of 63, he crossed the Atlantic to take up a position as Professor of Philos...

Category: Uncategorized 

Tags:

By: BenOh | November 16, 2015

JOHN ANDREWS
Environmental Values
Vol. 7, No. 4 (November 1998), pp. 381-396
Published by: White Horse Press

Category: Uncategorized 

Tags:

By: BenOh | November 13, 2015

ABSTRACT 
Philosophical understandings of consciousness divide into emergentist positions (when the universe is sufficiently organized and complex it gives rise to consciousness) vs. panpsychism (consciousness pervades the universe). A leading emergentist position derives from autopoietic theory of Maturana and Varela: to be alive is to have cognition, one component of which is sentience. Here, reflecting autopoietic theory, we define sentience as: sensing of the surrounding environment, complex processing of information that has been sensed, (i.e. processing mechanisms defined by characteristics of a complex system), and generation of a response. Further, complexity theory, points to all aspects of the universe comprising “systems of system...

Category: Uncategorized 

Tags:

By: BenOh | November 13, 2015

Jonathan CW Edwards, University College London.  


We perceive colour, shape, sound and touch 'bound' in a single experience. The following arguments about this binding phenomenon are raised:

  1. The individual signals passing from neurone to neurone are not bound together, whether as elements of information or physically.
  2. Within a single cell, binding in terms of bringing together of information is potentially feasible. A physical substrate may also be available.
  3. It is therefore proposed that a bound conscious experience is a property of an individual cell, not a group of cells. Since it is unlikely that one specific neurone is conscious, it is suggested that every neurone has a version of our consciousness, or at least some form of sentience.
  4. Howev...

Category: Uncategorized 

Tags: